Reasons for the development gap

Reasons for the development gap

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  • Location can effect the development of a country.
  •  Countries e.g. Singapore benefits from its location, as they sit on one of the worlds biggest shipping routes.
  • Landlocked countries find it hard to develop.
  • Rich soil and climate help farming but in a hot dry, infertile soil and few natural resources in poor countries they struggle. 
  • Natural resources e.g. oil, allow richer countries to buy them.
  • In 1750, an Industrial Revolution had begun in Britain and spread. Europe leaped ahead in wealth and development. Europeans settled in NA, so it became wealthy too.
  • When Europeans explored Africa, SA and Asia they found lands rich in natural resources.
  • Trading soon followed. Europeans traded for things such as gold, ivory, tobacco, spices and slaves.
  • If you are poor, most of your energy will go into finding food, water and firewood.
  • Poor countries have lots of bright people but they don't get a good education.
  • Diseases e.g. Malaria, TB and AIDS are common in many poor countries. They can take you out of work if you are unwell and undernourished.
  • A country can develop better if it is at peace, has a stable and wise government and a strong and fair legal system.
  • In many countries corruption is the problem. Leaders and officials take bribes, and steal money that should be spent on the poor.
  • Many poor countries don't have this. They are also in deep conflict, with a big waste of life and money.
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