Around the 1950s, all South Africans were classified and segregated by color. South Africans were all put in different schools, areas, etc which was apart of apartheid. Apartheid was created supposedly to allow each race to have their own culture but in reality, it was set for white to keep control of South Africa.
Further on, nonwhites started to have a lot of restrictions. It was illegal to live or work on certain places because the best land was only for whites. Marriage between races was also illegal and many public places were segregated which was very unfair. Nonwhites also did not like how they had less opportunities in jobs, schools, etc and how they only had 13% of the land but they made up 75% of the population.
Lets go vote!
ANC was one of the best groups that fought against white domination. ANC created marches,strikes, and other protests while leaders like Mandela even fought against apartheid from prison. Children were even protesting, marching in Soweto to protest Afrkaans, a language from white Dutchmen.
In Soweto, children were peacefully marching when police arrived and fired at them killing many children. Another group, PAC told blacks to go to the police stations without passes which are required and when police got there, they usually easily broke them up but in Shaperville, they opened fire.
A new president, Klerk came into office and lifted the ban on rallies and any other organizations. Klerk then teamed up with Mandela to discuss ways to build a better South Africa and they did. In the late 1900s, blacks got voting rights and all elections were open to all races. Mandela was later elected president and many rights were given.