Conch Shell Piggy and Ralph find a conch shell in a pool of water. The conch shell symbolizes unity.
"We can use this to call others. Have a meeting.They'll come when they hear us"(Golding Pg:16)
"Ralph stood away from the pile and put the glasses into Piggy's groping hands.His voice subsided to a mutter. ' Jus' blurs, that's all. Hardly see my hand' "(Golding Pg:41).
Piggy's Glasses Piggy and all the boys go to the mountain to start a fire with lots of smoke. However they don't know how to make a fire so they use piggy's specs much to his dismay.
Face Paint The boys are celebrating a kill around the fire by dancing with masks of paint on.
" 'For hunting. Like in the war. You know-dazzle paint. Like things trying to look like something else' "(Golding Pg:63).
The conch shell represents civilization. It is a civilized way to bring all the boys together and without it everyone would be always shouting over each other and there would be no order.
The Beast Simon is speaking to the beast and discovering that he himself is the beast.
Piggy's glasses represent societies views of science, logic and intelligences lines becoming blurred the longer they are away from civilization. As well as the clarity of Piggy's knowledge and how the savagery of the boys has "broken" through that clarity.
Fire The boys watch the fire blaze on the hillside in astonishment as they realize a little'un has been taken by their own destruction.
The masks are a sign of savagery. When the boys put there masks on they turn into someone else entirely and have the need to kill and feel powerful.
Simon Ralph tells Simon he's batty but Simon says that there is hope he'll make it off the island.
"... 'No I'm not. I just think you'll get back alright' "(Golding Pg:111)
" 'Fancy thinking the beast was something you could hunt and kill! ' said the head. For a moment or two the forest and all the other dimly appreciated places echoed with the parody of laughter. 'You knew, didn't you? I'm part of you? (Golding Pg:143)
The beast represents inner battles between choices you have to make, and the decision to be a good or bad person that faces society.
The fire that the boys create represents the loss of control in themselves and the rapid destruction that fire creates mirrors the destruction of their humanity.
" 'That little'un...that had a mark on his face where is he now?' "(Golding Pg:46)
Simon represents hope in a society where no one believes there is any. Simon also represents rationality in a world of savages.