On May 25, 1787, in Pennsylvania State Hall, 55 delegates from twelve of the states attended the Continental Congress, established to improve upon and revise the Articles of Confederation.
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Congress decided to disregard the Articles of Confederation, and instead focus on creating a new constitution. Two plans of government arose: the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan. After lengthy argument over which government would be put into movement, Roger Sherman suggested a different plan(The Great Compromise), which incorporated ideas from both plans into a whole, well functioning government.
The issue of slaves and population also arose. While southern states wanted slaves to count in population for more power in government, northern states argued that they were treated as property. James Madison suggested a compromise, the Three-Fifths Compromise, which counted each slave as three-fifths of a person.
The Congress also decided how the Chief Executive would be elected. While some voted that there should be one chief executive, others feared that one person with copious power would become corrupt, and argued that a three member executive branch would be more beneficial. Despite this, Congress agreed on a single executive, the President, who was elected by the Electoral College, and would have a term of four years.
Before the Constitutions became effective, nine states had to ratify it. Madison argued that the people and citizens of the states would decide, and after a tedious process, selected delegates from nine states approved of the Constitution, which was completed on September 17, 1787. However, not everyone was in accordance with the Constitution--16 of the 55 delegates did not sign.