Before urbanization, peasant farmers worked to sustain themselves by harvesting their own food. Although this was not easy, it was a sustainable livelihood. While these peasants worked...
...the nobles live in manors and lived lives of luxury, but they were isolated from other people, especially the lower class.
But as urbanization increased, so did the lack of a need for small farms. For this reason, peasants began to move to larger cities and towns, unfortunately, they could not always find a decent job.
Now, instead of nobles, the wealthiest people were masters of commerce: factory owners, bankers, financiers. The growth of wealth for these people resulted in a drop in wealth for those who were impoverished, creating a vast gap between the upper and lower class.
Wow, it's truly amazing how much money we have, we have bought so many luxuries- I don't know what to do with all of our wealth!
Ugh, look at those dirty peasants, I wonder if they know how disgusting they are.
How is it fair in any way that just because they run the factories they get to lounge around all day, while we work hard and get paid practically nothing!
While they sit up there getting richer, we work down here getting poorer.
The worst part is, there's practically no way to better our position. We're stuck.