As American settlers expanded westward by the 1830s, many Native Americans still lived in the eastern part of the country. The "Five Civilized Tribes"-Cherokee, Creek, Seminole,Chickasaw,and Choctaw. These tribe had established farming societies with successful economies.
President Andrew Jackson, a man of the frontier himself, supported the settlers demand for Native American land. He had fought the Creek and Seminole peoples during the War of 1812. In his Inaugural Address, he stated that he intended to move all Native Americans to the Great Plains.
In 1830 President Jackson pushed the Indian Removal Act through Congress. The act allowed the federal government to pay Native Americans to move west.