Dorothea Dix spent the early part of her life teaching until her poor health forced her to stop.
After she stopped teaching she traveled to england. Upon returning she'd taken an intrest in developing new treatments fore the mentaly ill. After teaching at a nearby prision she demanded that massuchusets change the fact that prisioners were being abused, and murderers and mentaly unstable people were in cells next to each other.
During the civil war she was appointed to organize and outfit the union hospitals. After multiple clashes with officers and being widely disliked and feared by the nurses she was outsted and stripped of authority. After that she cotinued her work as a social reformer until her death in 1887.