Civil War Reconstruction

Civil War Reconstruction

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  • Reconstruction The time after the Civil War when atempts were made to restore the Union and atempted to restore the rights of freed slaves
  • The Union, 1865
  • The Civil War reconstruction (From the perspective of a Northerner)
  • I cant believe the Civil War is over, and we won! Slavery is now Abolished!
  • Yeah But we have lots of reconstruction to do in order to fully restore the Union
  • From 1865-1877
  • Reconstruction options
  • The Northerners preferred the Radical Republicans plan because they wanted revenge and to protect freemen.
  • Lincolns Plan Pledge Loyalty to the USA, Follow laws on slavery, 1/10 of voters in the state had to pledge allegiance to the new USA, and pay off all war debts
  • Johnson Plan Very similar to Lincoln, except high Confederate officials would not be able to take the loyalty pledge at all and gain a pardon. They also had to repeal their succession.
  • Radical Republicans Vastly different. They soaked revenge, unlike Lincoln and Johnson. Shifted their concern towards freemen, and protecting their rights.
  • Freedmans Bureou
  • The freedmans bureou was funded by congress as a temporary service to make the transition from slave to freeman as easy as possible
  • A Importain government agency that helped former slaves by provideing food, shelter, medical aid, and establised schools.
  • Pros Fed millions of people, built hospitals,  settled labor disputes
  • Cons Failed to establish equal justice in southern courts, some agents were corrupt
  • 15th amendment Guarenteed African Americans the right to vote. This was importain because it allowed African Americans to vote on the people that would be representing them. 
  • 14th amendment Made former slaves citizens, and granded them equal protection under the law. This was importain because it guarenteed that African Americans were protected under the law
  • 13th Amedment Made slavery illegal, freed the millions of slaves across the south. Important because the civil war accomplished its goal and provided basic human rights
  • The times, they are a changeing
  • Political Changes African Americans began to participate in government, Civil Rights amendments were passed, The South countered thease amendments with descriminary laws against African Americans.
  • Economic Changes The Souths free labor source disappears, hence the South falls into economic despair.  The North became an economic giant and prospered after the war.
  • Social Changes In the South, under the law they were equal to the people they used to own. KKK was formed in order to protect white power in the South. Racial Predjudist overall increased.
  • Opression against African Americans
  • Terror Groups The KKK: Believed that White people were superior to Blacks, that they dident deserve any rights and commited violence incogneto.
  • The Red Shirts White supremacy group that members were publicly known and also used violence to intimidate blacks
  • Jim Crow Laws Laws that enforced racial segregation that required blacks and whites to use different bathrooms, drinking fountains, restaurants, and other public facilities.
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