Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth President of the United States. He fought the expansion of slavery. Being a Republican from Illinois, Lincoln had led the Union during the Civil War.
Ulysses S. Grant was the most acclaimed Union general during the American Civil War. He was joined by William T. Sherman, who led the March to the Sea. George Meade and George B. McClellan also played key roles as military leaders for the Union.
The Anaconda Plan, was a military strategy that called for a naval blockade of the Confederate littoral, a thrust down the Mississippi, and the strangulation of the South by Union land and naval forces.
Fighting on Foreign Ground
Since the North was much more industrialized than the South was, the extended railroad tracks that reached throughout the nation was beneficial for the transportation of goods and troops.
Since the Confederacy was a relatively new nation, they had no set government or established bank. The Union was still the United States of America, which meant that they were stable and acknowledged as an offical country.
Most of the North military were familiar with the South's rual land, nor were they accustomed to the lack of industrilization. This made it harder to manuever around and gave a better advantage to the South.