Ancient Sumerians created complex irrigation systems that controlled the water supply so that they never had too much or too little. When the plow was invented, agriculture became much easier because people no longer needed to plant their seeds manually.
The SocialStructure of ancient Sumerians was like a pyramid. The pyramid went Kings, nobles, Priests, and Government Officials at the top, then merchants and artisans in the middle, and lastly the Slaves at the bottom. The King ruled ancient Sumer. The scribe wrote down the laws and contracts as a record.
The Sumerians worked to please the gods and goddesses by creating ziggurats, or temples, for the gods to live in and to express their religious beliefs.
In ancient Sumer, metal workers made objects, such as weapons or cups, and musicians sang or played instruments, such as the lyre. The lyre was a small harp, and it was one of the peoples favorites.
People realized that it would be easier to roll something than to carry it, so they created the wheel. Before the invention of the wheel, people used sledges. Sledges were flat carts used to transport goods.
Sumerians wrote in a language called Cuneiform. It was based off of an earlier, simpler form of writing that used pictographs. Pictographs are symbols that stand for real objects.