Nicholos II became Czar in 1884 and continued the tradition of Russian autocracy.
Rapid industrialization stirred discontent among the people and workers of Russia. these workers would then want to form a dictatorship of the proletariat.
On January 22, 1905, about 200,000 workers adn their families marched to the Czars palace in St. Petersburg. Nicholas II Ordered his solders to fire upon the crowd. More than 1,000 were injured and several hundred were killed.
The first Duma met in May 1906. Its leaders were moderates who wanted Russia to become a constitutional monarchy similar to the Britain. But ten weeks later, the czar dissolved the Duma because he was reluctant to share power.
In 1915, Nicholas moved his headquarters to the war front. His wife, Czarina Alexander, then ran the government while he was away. She ignored the czar's orders and fell under the influence of the mysterious Rasputin.
The local protests exploded into a general uprising, the March Revolution. It forced Czar Nicholas to abdicate his throne, in other words he had to step down.