By the fall of 1917, people in the cities were rallying to call, " All power to the Soviets." Lenin's slogan, " Peace, Land and bread., gained widespread appeal. Lenin decided to take action.
In November 1917, without warning, armed factory workers stormed the Winter Palace in Petrograd. They took over the government offices and arrested the leaders of the provisional government.
Within the days of the Bolshevik takeover, Lenin ordered that all farland to be distributed among the peasants. Lenin also gave control of the factories to the workers.
The Bolsheviks now had to deal with the "White army." The White army was split in 3 groups. It was composed of people still wanted the return of the Czar others who wanted democratic government and tho who opposed Lenin's style of socialism.
From 1918 to 1920, civil war raged in Russia. Several Western nations, including the United States, sent military aid and forces to help the White Army.
In the end, the Red Army crushed all opposition. The victory showed that the Bolsheviks were able both to seize power and to maintain it.