The blacksmith is making a bow witch they invented for the guard and the scribe is translating the instructions that are in hieroglyphics.the scribe is writing on paperus.
the picture shows the egyptians worshipping their gods while the pharaoh of Gisa is asking for grapes tp his servant. the women is the pharaohs wife so she is lazy and does nothing exepth chill with the kids while they play all day.
The hot and dry and arid Sahara desert would make them thirsty. the merchant is selling cotton to the man. the boy and his father are working in the field
the lady is knitting clothes for her kids who are out farming with their father