The city-state of Sparta was ruled by retired soliders.
The Spartans were widley considered to have the strongest army and the best soliders of any city-state of Ancient Greece.
The basic equipment used by Spartan soldiers included, a shield, a spear , and a short sword.
Spartan men were required to stay fit and ready to fight until the age of 60
The Spartan Army fought in a Phalanx formation. They would line up side by side and several men deep. Then they would lock their shields together and advance on their enemy stabbing them with their spears.
When boys turned 20 they joined the Spartan Army. They were given little to eat to get used to what life would be like when they went to war.