The Pilgrims and Puritans did not have many ways to make money, two of them were whaling and fishing. The hard winters and rocky soil Massachusetts produced made it hard to find a constant source of income but they could rely on these all year around. Timber was also a source of profit for the separatists.
The Plymouth settlers sailed to Virginia on the Mayflower to escape New England so they could have religious freedoms. In 1620, William Bradford led the separatists on the Mayflower to Cape Cod, Massachusetts. In 1630 another group, led by John Winthrop, called the Puritans made their way to Plymouth. Where they practiced "The New England way" , which consisted of working, praying, and reading the Bible.
The separatists did not end up landing in Virginia like planned, instead they landed in Massachusetts. The charter was only for Virginia and they couldn't go back due to religious persecution, the pilgrims needed a form of government, so they made the Mayflower Compact. This was a promise that the men would always consult each other about colony laws, and work together to make a successful settlement. Women were not involved and all men signed.
The settlers were expecting to sail to Virginia, instead they ended up in Cape Cod,Massachusetts. There they suffered from very cold winters, rocky soil, and Samoset and Squanto Indians. None of their crops would grow due to the conditions, luckily the Indians were there to teach the Pilgrims how to grow food and trap animals.
The Pilgrims, for religious freedom from the strict Church of England and fear of religious persecution, traveled to Virginia. They got off course and landed in Massachusetts instead, with unproductive crops, no government, and complete wrong supplies they were very unlikely to succeed. They were the "City on the Hill" and could only tolerate people that did not sin or disappoint God. The Indians helped get them back on course, and as a sign of thankfulness they had the first Thankshgiving. They then started making a lot of revenue off of timber, whaling, and fishing. Jamestown however, didn’t not get along well with the Indians, brought only men, and made money off of selling cash crops. Jamestown colonists traveled for religious reasons as well, they wanted to teach Christianity to the natives. Both settlements were self-governed and were from England.
How are Jamestown and Plymouth alike and different?