Rome is located in modern day Italy which includes the peninsula and islands in southern Europe. The peninsula is shaped a lot like a boot and goes into the Mediterranean Sea. The Roman civilization was doing very good from about 700 B.C.E. to about 476 B.C.E.
The Influence of Greek Architecture
When Romulus and Remus grew up, they decided to construct a town on the banks of the Tiber River where the wolf had found and saved them. However, in a quarrel over who would rule the new settlement, Romulus killed his brother. He became king of the city, which he named Rome.
The Etruscan Influence of Engineering
The two sports that the Etruscan taught the Romans was slave fighting which eventually turned into Gladiator fighting and they also taught the Romans chariot racing. The Romans turned slave fights into gladiator fighting where humans would fight other humans or animals. Chariot racing was very dangerous where riders were strapped in and if they crashed they would most likely die. The Romans enjoyed watching this a lot.
The Greek Influence Writing, Art, and Religion
The Romans adapted Greek architecture especially by using columns in their public buildings. They built huge concrete building including the Colosseum that are still standing today.
The Eutrsucans taught the Romans two very important things about engineering, the arch and the cuniculus. The arches rested on two pillars and the most important part of the arch was the keystone that held the arch up. Cuniculus's were used to transport water to and from the city, irrigate crops, and drain swamps.
The Etruscan's taught us about arches and cuniculus's so we can now build very big structures.
The writing was alike because the alphabets were both in capital letters and Roman writers were inspired by Greek works. They also used the Greek ideas for pottery but perfected them. They also made very realistic sculptures of humans. They called a lot of the Greek gods their own but changed their names.