The pilgrims came to the New World for religious freedom. This was known as the great migration. Unfortunately, the Church Of England controlled the puritans, and would persecute them if they sinned. This was called religious persecution. During this time, there were the Salem Witch Trials. The church members believed that the witches were against the ways of god, and would burn them at the stake.
King Charles I granted the pilgrims with a charter to settle in Virginia. Unfortunately, due to a raging storm, they instead landed in Plymouth. The Church Of England was very strict, and set Plymouth as an example. They told the colonists that they were the "city on the hill". The settlers made the Mayflower Compact since the english monarchy was across the Atlantic Ocean.
With a different location, the settlers had to learn to use the land and resources around them to make money to help their settlement thrive. They created small farms to plant crops, cut and sold timber, fished off the coast, and went whaling. They aslo participated in substenence farming to help the colony's economy.
When the pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock, the saw rocky soil on the ground. This would make it very difficult to grow tobacco like Jamestown. They had gotten a charter to land in Virginia, but instead they accidentally landed in Massachusetts due to a storm in Cape Cod. The settlement had to learn to use the resources around them to create a successful colony.
Jamestown and Plymouth were both colonies created in hopes of winning the amazing race against Spain and France. Although both were created on the East coast of America, they both varied in different ways. Unlike Jamestown, Plymouth was in a very rocky area, meanwhile Jamestown was in a swampy location. They also varied in the population of their settlements. In Jamestown, they only brought over men, most who had no experience with physical labor. Instead, Plymouth brought over men, women, and children in hopes of permanently colonizing. They were also different in their motives. The pilgrims came to the New World for religious freedom, while the settlers of Jamestown came because they were ordered by the king. There are many similarities between the two settlements, but they also vary in ways from geography to motives.