An example of a covalent bond is Carbon Monoxide. It is made up of Carbon and Oxygen. Carbon is a nonmetal with 4 valance electrons and oxygen is a non-metal with 6 valance electrons. When they share their electrons they fill the first outer shell with 2 and 8.
Nice is there anything else i need to know?
Lets talk about Valence electrons and how they are related to each type of bond.
Ok, sounds good.
Covalent electrons need the valance electrons toshare together to complete the shell. Ionic compounds are different becausemetals are positive and non-metals are negative so the number of valance electronsdetermines the charge
Ohhhhh I get it.
An example of a covalent bond is water (H20). Hydrogen has 1 electron and Oxygen has 6 electrons. So Hydrogen shares 2 atoms and Hydrogen shares 1 making it H20.
Ohhhhhh so an example of an Ionic bond is Sodium Chloride. Sodium is Na+ and Chlorine is Cl- in electrons. They balance out and create a neural charge.
Lets learn to write ionic and covalent bonds
When you write a covalent bond you always replace the end on the second word with the prefix -ide (never mess with the end of the word on the first word). Depending on how many atoms you have you will use the number prefixes, like -mono, -di, -tri, ect. You always use a number prefix on the second word even if its one.
ohh so an example would be H2O. It would be dinitrogen monoxide
Ionic compounds are a little more complicated because you have two elements with opposite charges. the way you write it is you take the number of the charge and put it as a subscript for the opposite element. Also you do not use the number prefixes just the -ide prefix when writing the name.
ohhh so an example would be sodium bromide. They both have a charge of one so it would be NaBr.