Chem project on chem bonding

Chem project on chem bonding
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  • An example of a covalent bond is Carbon Monoxide. It is made up of Carbon and Oxygen. Carbon is a nonmetal with 4 valance electrons and oxygen is a non-metal with 6 valance electrons. When they share their electrons they fill the first outer shell with 2 and 8.
  • Nice is there anything else i need to know?
  • Lets talk about Valence electrons and how they are related to each type of bond.
  • Ok, sounds good.
  • Covalent electrons need the valance electrons toshare together to complete the shell. Ionic compounds are different becausemetals are positive and non-metals are negative so the number of valance electronsdetermines the charge 
  • Ohhhhh I get it.
  •  An example of a covalent bond is water (H20). Hydrogen has 1 electron and Oxygen has 6 electrons. So Hydrogen shares 2 atoms and Hydrogen shares 1 making it H20.
  • Ohhhhhh so an example of an Ionic bond is Sodium Chloride. Sodium is Na+ and Chlorine is Cl- in electrons. They balance out and create a neural charge.
  • Lets learn to write ionic and covalent bonds
  • When you write a covalent bond you always replace the end on the second word with the prefix -ide (never mess with the end of the word on the first word). Depending on how many atoms you have you will use the number prefixes, like -mono, -di, -tri, ect. You always use a number prefix on the second word even if its one. 
  • ohh so an example would be H2O. It would be dinitrogen monoxide
  • Ionic compounds are a little more complicated because you have two elements with opposite charges. the way you write it is you take the number of the charge and put it as a subscript for the opposite element. Also you do not use the number prefixes just the -ide prefix when writing the name.
  • ohhh so an example would be sodium bromide. They both have a charge of one so it would be NaBr.
  • Yes, you finally get it your smart now. THE END
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