We need a plan to bring balance into the system, with appropriate amounts of power to the state and the government
The Virginia Plan
I, James Madison, believe that representation should be determined by state population.
The Constitutional Convention was a gathering of delegates as they addressed the problems occurring with the weak central government and the strong power of the state. They met in Philadelphia in 1787.
The New Jersey Plan
I, William Patterson, believe that states should have equal votes regardless of size.
The convention worked to balance power with the state and central government powers and between the individual freedoms for people.
The Great Compromise
How about the Senate is equal and the amount of representation in the House of Representatives depends on the population of the state, a compromise!
The Southerners think slaves should be included in the population
James Madison proposed the Virginia Plan, which called for two-house legislature with membership based on each state’s population. Gave more power to states with large population, so the small states objected it.
The Three-Fifths Compromise
Let's just make another compromise!
The Northerners don't think slaves should be included
Small states supported William Paterson’s New Jersey Plan, which proposed a single-house congress in which each state had an equal vote.
Roger Sherman suggested the Great Compromise,which offered a two-house Congress to satisfy both small and big states. Each state would have equal representation in the Senate. The size of the population would determine its representation in the House of Representatives.Voters of each state would choose members of the House. The state legislatures would choose Senators.
Southern and Northern delegates could not agree on whether they should include slaves in counting the population. The delegates eventually agreed to the Three-Fifths Compromise, which called for three-fifths of a state’s slaves to be counted as part of the population.