This scene is when Mahmoud and his mother were stranded out in the ocean with no land in sight. (There was no scene without land)Later in the book though they find a life jacket to help keep them afloat.
Character vs. Character
When Isabel arrives in the Bahamas, the majority of people are nice and friendly but tell them it is illegal to be here and if you step on our territory you will get deported.
In this scene Josefs dad is ranting in terror about the torture of the Concentration Camps. As it says in the book all he was talking about how every night one person would get chosen and die in a certain way.
In the beginning of the book Joseph had a flashback when he was walking home from school one day and got beat up by a bully. This is character vs. character because one of the main characters is facing conflict with another character.