Lebanon Cold War

Lebanon Cold War

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  • Lebanon Cold War
  • The 1958 Lebanon Crisis is notable for being the first American invasion in the Middle East. It was brought about by political and religious unrest in  the country, leading to a United States military intervention. Explosive claims that the president wanted to stay in office longer than expected by changing the constitution. Later on, American and Lebanese forces successfully occupied the port and international airport of Beirut at the end of the intervention.
  • 1958 Lebanon Crisis
  • United States / American Relations
  • The U.S. involved themselves by imposing a peace treaty between Lebanon and Israel based on the United States and Israeli terms. It was brokered in May 1983; causing a collapse and widespread opposition. The United States forces returned as supporters of the Rightist government, bombing and shelling Lebanon supportive of Islamic/Leftist opponents of the Phalangist Regime.
  • When Hariri (president of Lebanon) resigned, the fragile balance of interests in Lebanon was upset. This lead to Lebanon politics becoming more confrontational. If Israel is provoked through miscalculation, they will hold Lebanon accountable. Also, with Hariri being gone, the justification to shield the government is gone, which means there is no protection- this could be very dangerous and perhaps lead to a war or worse.
  • Hariri Resignation
  • Lebanese Civil War (1982)
  • A Civil war in Lebanon erupted because the Phalangists,  a Christian militia, clashed with Palestinian factions over ladders armed struggle against Israel from Lebanese territory. Israel invaded for the sole purpose of attacking the Palestine Liberation Orgnization. Overall, between 150,000-200,000 people were killed, most being innocent civilians.
  • June 16, 1976: 30,000 Syrian troops enter Lebanon to restore peace. March 1978: 25,000 Israeli soldiers crossed Lebanese border in operation Litani- invasion designed to wipe out Palestine Liberation Organization structure in South Lebanon. March 1989: General Michel Aoun declares war of Liberation against Syrian occupation- triggers devastating final round to Lebanese civil war. October 13, 1990: marks official end of Lebanese Civil war.
  • Timeline of the Lebanese Civil War (1975-1990)
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