All the wars started when the Persian empire was the most powerful army.But in 499 B.C.E, the Ionian Revolt started and in 546 B.C.E. the Persian empire had conquered the wealthy Greek settlements in Ionian in the Asia minor.Therefore, the Ionian had to follow the Persian empire but they did not want to so they reveled against them and picked a war but they lost then the Persian punished the Ionian.
Battle of Salamis
After the battle of Marathon was caused by the Ionian Revolt when Ionian empire Rebelled on the Persian empire.As a result,In 490 B.C.E King Darius sent a large army foot soldiers and cavalry across the Aegean Sea by boat.
Battle of Plataea
After King Darius died,his son,king Xerxes,organized another attack on Greece.In 480 B.C.E, Xerxes marched southward from the Hellespont Athens and Sparta teamed up to defeat the Persian empire but it was 6,00 to 7,000 soldiers against 180,00 Persians but at the and they lost and they only and a few soldiers left but only 300 of them bravely fought against The Persian army but they still lost because they where to strong
After the Battle of Salamis was a battle that was fought between an alliance of Ionian empire and Athens against the Persian Empire under King Xerxes in 480 BC which resulted in a decisive victory for the outnumbered Greeks.
the city states went against the Persian empire and ended up winning because they have united and became more stronger than before.As a result,the Ionian empire defeated the Persian.
They united the city states together and it was the first time that they did and instead of fighting they beat the Persian Empire.