Francesca the Flamingo Explains: The French Revolution
Samantha Stewart February 5, 2018 Period 3B
Are you ready to learn?
A long time ago, in a country called France, there were three groups of people. Two of the groups, the first and second, had a lot of money. Also, they hardly gave any of their money to the government. The third group did not have a lot of money, and gave over half of it to the government. They thought that this wasn't fair, so they did not like the first and second groups.
We love life!
I don't like them!
The rulers of France at the time were Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. Louis XVI was a weak leader, and a lot of people did not like Marie. She spent a lot of money on things she did not need, and she made fun of people.
I stay inside and play with clocks!
I spend a lot of money on pretty dresses!
That's when the Declaration of the Rights of Man was created. This stated that all men should have liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression. This document gave all men equal power while voting. This was inspired by the Enlightenment, and popular sovereignty.
Men will now have new rights!
Now that men had new rights, they could overthrow the government that they did not like. Louis XIV and Marie Antoinette were killed, and a man called Robespierre made himself dictator. He killed 40,000 people using the guillotine, that chopped off people's heads. This was called the Reign of Terror. Eventually, Robespierre was guillotined too.
Off with their heads!
Napoleon Bonaparte was a powerful military leader, and people liked him very much. A coup d'etat, which means a quick seizure of power, made him dictator. He created a code that did not allow anyone to speak freely, and it restored slavery as well. He used military force to build a large empire.