Three distinct groups of Cree have ahistory in Alberta
The PlainsCree traditionally lived in the eastcentral region of Alberta in the areas ofthe Battle and North SaskatchewanRivers. In Cree, their name means“Downstream People,”
The Woodland Cree weretraditionally expert hunters andtrappers. This group of Cree eventuallybecame the backbone of the fur tradeas suppliers and traders with othergroups.
The Rocky Mountain Cree today livein the Grande Cache area. They oncelived in more eastern regions of thecountry, but moved west during the furtrade. They eventually settled along themountains and foothills.
Many Cree women married fur traders, so many Métis people share elements of the Woodland Cree cultural heritage.
The Cree are also known as the Nehiyaw Which translates to Real People.