a process whereby the ovum is fertilised outside the woman's body. 'Invitro' means 'in glass', i.e. a petri dish or cell culture dish (not a test tube).
a procedure whereby the sperm of the male is placed directly into theuterus (womb) of his female partner so that fertilisation of the ovum can beachieved.
a procedure as with AIH, however the sperm is provided by a donor who is not the woman's partner.
a woman carries and gives birth to a baby for another person or couple. The surrogate mother might be the baby's genetic mother if she provided the ovum, or completely unrelated to the baby, e.g. if an already fertilised ovum orembryo was placed in her womb.
a single person or couple takes on legal responsibility for bringing up a child who was born to someone else.