Thomas Hobbes believed that people are naturally born in the anarchy. Hobbes believed people are naturally selfish, and they do not care about the rights of others. He believed that people needed the ruler to protect them.
John Locke disagreed with Hobbes because he believed that people did not give up all of their rights. He believed people had the rights to live, to enjoy freedom and own property. He believed it was the leader’s job to protect these rights. Locke argued that the government could not take away a person’s basic rights.
Mary Wollstonecraft was one of the first advocates for women’s rights. She believed that women and men should be equal. Wollstonecraft argued that women should be able to go to school and learn, and they should be able to vote.
Montesquieu thought that the best form of government was the legislative, executive and judicial powers to be separated from each other to prevent any branch from becoming too powerful.
Voltaire believed in a free society along with freedom of religion and reasoning.He also believed that education is the way to find the truth.
Diderot's main beliefs were individualism, the use of reason, the power of nature, and the belief in humanity's progress.Diderot had a very important impact on the the general way of thinking.