90% of France's population consisted of Serfs. They were constantly malnourished, heavily taxed, and poorly paid. The serfs were part of the Third Estate. The first and second estate, along with the king and queen didn't have to pay taxes. Their extravegant purchases caused financial problems in France. This angered the serf population in France.
The King called a meeting of the Estates-General (a legislative body of all estates) to help aid their financial crisis. The third estate prepared a list of reforms they wanted, but the King decided to keep everything the same, disregarding the third estate's pleading. One of which was changing the voting method from the estate to population. In protest, they formed The National Assembly and wrote the Tennis Court Oath, which talked about their enlightenment ideas.
Lots of revolts and government changes happened as a result. The government system changed to a Constitutional Monarchy, amd then a Republic (National Convention). It led to the execution of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI, as well as anyone else who didn't follow Robespierre's ideas. This system converted to an oligarchy, which was very corrupt and caused chaos to break out in France. Lastly, there was one more government change that made Napolean an absolutist leader.
The Haitian motive was that France got rid of slavery in all of its territories, but the European officials in Haiti completely disregarded this new law. This angered many people, especially mixed populations.
In August 1791, 100,000 slaves decided to revolt against their owners. This was lead by Toussiant L'ouverture. Eventually, the slaves got control of their island.
Haiti became the first black colony to rise up and successfully gain independence from a European country. However, the country experienced many suffrages due to hatred from other countries.