The United States and Iran initially made an alliance after Iran re-accessed its relationship with the Soviet Union. The U.S. supplied Iran with military and economic help against the communists, which angered the Shah.
Soviet soldiers stationed in Iran, since 1941, passed on Socialist ideas to the northernmost province of Iran, Azerbaijan. These new soviet ideas caused this region to form a communist-backed government, which resulted in Azerbaijan gaining independence.
The Shah's White Revolution modernized Iran and brought Western ideals to the country. The American lifestyle had an influence in the revolution, partly because of their alliance. Some changes included social reforms and the redistribution of land. The revolution led to the eventual Islamic Revolution of 1979.
The Islamic Revolution of 1979 rejected Western ideals that were introduced during the White Revolution and condemned the Shah's revolution. The leader of the revolution, Khomeini, was critical of the Shah for his relations with the U.S. and Britain. It caused Iran to transform into an Islamic state.
By: Allie Tutich
Impacts of the Cold War on Iran
Iran nationalized their oil industry, which imposed the British Anglo-Iranian Oil Company. Naturally, the British were opposed to Iran nationalizing the industry and the embargo on the purchase of oil. This decision was made out of anti-British sentiment in Iran.