Nelson Mandela was a hard worker as a child. He always helped with the animals on his land when he was told. His father was the chief of the Thembu Tribe and he arranged Nelson to go with a teacher to take care of him after his father passes away. Nelson's teacher gave him the name Nelson, even though his real name is Rolihlahla.
When Nelson got old enough, he went to school to be a lawyer. As a lawyer, Nelson studied apartheid. Apartheid is a system that segregated black people and Nelson knew that this was bad. He fought as a lawyer to end apartheid.
There was a group named the ANC that Nelson became a part of. The group was anti-apartheid. The ANC fought for what they knew was right. Unfortunately, the group was eventually banned and many were arrested for a long time.
Nelson fought very hard but eventually, he was caught trying to disguise himself and was arrested. He was sentenced to life and five years in prison for sabotage. Mandela stayed in a prison on Robben Island for many years but he was moved to a more private prison. He was moved because while in prison, he wrote letters saying ways to survive in prison and other prisoners were getting these letters.
After 27 years served, the current president of South Africa, F.W. De Klerk, helped Mandela get out of prison. Once Mandela was out of prison, the people of South Africa were starting to reconsider whether or not apartheid was the right way to go. Nelson became the first black president of South Africa. Nelson Mandela worked hard to get what he thought was right to happen and he will always be a very important man.