For years,wild cattle wandered the open range,or unfenced lands,of Texas.called longhorns for their broad horns.And they didn’t really need any care. In 1860 ranchers began rounding up the cattle. They hired cowhands which are skilled riders who know how to herd cattle. They had long drives with cattle through Kansas, Missouri, and Wyoming .
In the last two decades of the 19th century, railroads had made some sweeping changes in the lives of many of Texas' mostly rural, mostly agrarian citizens and forever altered the face of the state. And existing communities that were bypassed by the tracks often curled up their municipal toes and they died unless they were willing to pick up businesses, homes and churches and move to the rails.
Railroad companies offered lower rates for shipping cotton and built large cotton loading platforms at each railroad stop. As commercial farming boomed,the value of Texas agricultural good shot up. In East Texas their value rose from more than 10 million to almost 40 million dollars during the late 1800’s.