Andrew Jackson made it a priority to let the maximum amount of people vote possible. He passed laws letting the common man vote. The impact is this is the first step in democracy and all people voting.
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ie The Indian removal act of 1830 was when the government overly pressured the American Indian tribes into moving on reservations. The Cherokee tribe refuses and fighting begins. The impact was the Indians were moved on the trail of tears.
In 1832 was the nullification crisis. This was when South Carolina was angered by a tax on raw materials. The state ended up nullifying or ignoring the law. The impact was that the national government showed it was stronger than the state.
Jackson fought against the national bank because he felt that it was unconstitutional. Jackson took extreme measures and took all the money out of the national bank and distributed it to banks around the US. The effect was that the National Bank was gone for good.
The spoils system was when Andrew Jackson fired all of the existing government employees and basically put is friends in charge. The impact was the kitchen cabinet.
The kitchen cabinet is basically unqualified friends of Jackson that gave him advice. The effect was the government made terrible decisions.