Santiago is a shepherd who lives in Spain. He wants to travel the world and see how other people live, but his parents want him to become a priest. This relates to the ordinary world because the reader is introduced to Santiago and his way of life at the moment. Which is caring for his sheep by giving them food and water.
Santiago meets an old woman who interprets dreams. He tells the women about the dream where the little boy was going to give him the location of the treasure but then he wakes up. The women gives Santiago a response and also says she wants one-tenth of the treasure when he finds it. This relates to the call to adventure because this is making Santiago have to decide if he wants to go on the journey.
Santiago has to make a choice. To either leave his sheep and go on with the adventure or stay with his sheep and not go on the adventure. It was a tough choice but after realizing he must take the chance, he decides to leave his sheep and go on the journey. He sold some of them to the King. This relates to the Refusal of the Call because Santiago almost didn't go on the adventure because he felt guilty for leaving his sheep.