Today we will be exploring Conduction, Induction, and Polarization
When I rub the fur on the balloon, the electrons from the fur transfer to the balloon, charging the balloon negatively through conduction.
Now that the balloon has a negative charge, I can touch it to the wall and it will stick. This is because of polarization.
The wall is an insulator, which means the net charge will always stay the same. This means the electrons in the wall move away from the balloon and the balloon is closer to the walls protons, which attract each other.
When I bring the balloon near the plates, the plates start to polarize. The electrons move away from the balloon down to the bottom of the plates.
Now for induction we will be charging these neutral charged plates with the negative charged balloon. To charge an object using induction, you can't touch the two objects.
Then when I separate the two plates, one is positively charged and one is negatively charged by Induction.