There were thirteen colonies, these colonies where made up of the people who had migrated from Great Britain AKA the mother country looking for a better opportunity or a second chance.
In 1776 the Patriots picked a group of individual delegates from each colony to write a declaration explaining the reasons why the colonies wanted independence from Great Britain. On July 4, 1776. The Declaration of Independence was adopted by the thirteen colonies and its people.
Compromises at Convention
The articles of confederation were established as a form of government after declaring independence. However, the articles lacked many things; a national court system (tax people for an army) strong national gov (enforce laws) weak central government allowed states to create their own foreign policy, no national powers, one vote from each state (population did not matter), A change was needed.
Bill of Rights
After noticing that The Articles of Confederation were failing to bring the country forward, delegates from each state were chosen to attend the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia Pennsylvania on September 17, 1787. In order for the Anti-Federalists (small gov) and Federalists (Strong gov) to agree to the ratification of the Constitution, the Bill of Rights was added and other compromises were made.
The Connecticut Compromise of 1787 (each state represented), New Jersey Plan (equal rep. each/state), Three-fifths Clause (Slaves=3/5 of person), The Virginia Plan (Separation of Powers (3 branches of gov - Judicial, Legislative and Executive & State vs. Federal law) & Sovereighty (Each state control itself)
1st Freedom of religion, speech, and press. 2nd The right to bear arms. 3rd The housing of soldiers. 4th Protection from unreasonable searches and seizures. 5th Protection of Rights to Life, Liberty, and Property. 6th Rights of accused person in criminal cases. 7th Rights in civil cases. 8th Excessive bail, fines, and punishments forbidden. 9th Other rights kept by the people. 10th Delegated powers kept by the states and the people.