THE ROAD BACK HOME Odysseus' men ate the cattle from Helios while Odysseus was asleep and it upsetted Helios and he told Zeus to punish Odysseus and his men or he was going to shine in the underworld forever. Zeus struck Odysseus' ship with a thunderbolt and caused his ship to be destroyed and Odysseus' men drowned.
ATONEMENT When Odysseus wakes up in Ithaca, Eumaeus recognizes Odysseus and tell him not to tell his wife. Then Odysseus has to prove to Telemachus that he is his father and tell him not to tell his mother. Athena turns Odysseus into an old beggar and the only person that knows who he is is Telemachus. Penelope challenges the Suitors to string Odysseus' bow and shoot an arrow throw 12 ax ends and whoever does it gets to marry her. None of the men could do it until odysseus while he's the old beggar does it and once he does it he's back to his normal self and everyone recognizes him.
Resolution Everyone recognizes Odysseus and when Penelope recognizes him she can't believe its him and she faints.