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IS Coursework
Updated: 4/25/2020
IS Coursework
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Storyboard Text

  • Federation of Malaya now!
  • This is bad for our country's culture and its sovereignty! We won't stand for this!
  • After the end of the Japanese Occupation, the British returned to Malaya, having previously made the commitment at the Atlantic Charter in 1941, which granted self-determination to its colonies.
  • Following the inception of the Malayan Union scheme, which was strongly opposed by the Malayans, UMNO led by Dato Onn Bin Jaafar was formed in March 1946, and led the nationwide Malay protest against the Malayan Union.
  • Hmm...maybe independence is possible...
  • Upon the proposal of the formation of a federation, which included the British having control over the country's defence and foreign affairs, there was strong opposition from the non-Malays, the British formed the Federation of Malaya on 1 Feb 1948.
  • Malaya will be a united nation with extra benefits to the Malays!
  • During the next decade, communist guerilla attacks performed by the Malayan Communist Party, led by Chin Peng were carried out, which led to much civil unrest which plagued Malaya for another 12 years, mainly attacking European mining and estate personnel.
  • However, the British slowly gave the local leaders back control over their own administration, which culminated in the 1955 Federal Elections, which the Alliance Party, consisting of UMNO, MCA and the MIC won with 81% of the votes. Their cooperation asssured the British that Malaya could become independent and stable.
  • In 1956, Tunku Abdul Rahman, the Alliance Party's leader, travelled to London to persuade the British to grant Malaya independence, where an new constitution was drawn out, and on 31 August 1957, Malaya achieved independence.
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