Turkmenistan didn't declare independence until October 27, 1991, after the Cold War. They remained neutral throughout the war to avoid violence. They did not have alliances with other countries, because they didn't want to be dependent on any other countries.
Government and Politics
In Turkmenistan, the only legal political party was Democratic. Saparmurat Niyazov became the first president of the new republic, after the war. Niyazov remained the supreme decision-maker. Political gatherings are illegal unless they are organized by the government.
There is no freedom of press or of association. The government has full control over social media. Turkmenistan permits freedom of religion. Turkmenistan does not have a specific main religion.
Turkmenistan has expanded their economy by 400%. They now have enormous hydrocarbon reserves. Their population has grown. The life expectancy for Turkmenistan has barely budged. Most are expected to live till their 60's.
Turkmenistan's gas pipeline was bringing in $1 billion per year. Russia shut off their gas pipeline. Turkmenistan's pipeline competed with Russia's own gas exportation.