Creating a newly formed country- the United States
Articles of Confederation
During the experience at Valley Forge, the soldiers experienced diseases, infection, and frostbite. But soon news about the soldiers’ suffering spread, and patriots sent supplies.
The Constitutional Convection
Constitutions were made, a bill of rights was made, a government was created, and the Articles of Federation were established. Many new states were added, like Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Ohio, and Michigan. There had to be at least 60,000 free people in a state to become a state.
The Great Comprimise The Virginia plan V.S. the New Jersey plan
All 13 states agreed to the Articles of Confederation on March 1, 1781. But these articles had many weaknesses: like conflict between states, currency problems (debt, no central currency, difficult to trade goods), and it allowed other countries to take advantage of the US.
The Three-Fifths Compromise
The Constitutional Convection's goal was to revise the Articles of Confedaration. George Washington was immediately elected to be the president of the Convection. They decided to write a whole new constitution for the nation.
The Virginia Plan proposed for a government with three branches: The Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branches. It also called for two houses of government. The New Jersey Plan also called for three branches of government, but only one house of government. A compromise was made (called The Great Compromise) between the New Jersey and Virginia plans.
The Three-Fifths Compromise was a compromise about slaves being counted as a state's population. Southerners wanted to include the slaves, But the Northerners did not. The compromise was that three-fifths of the slaves would count.