This battle of the Persian War was fought between the Persians (led by Darius I) and the Greeks (led by Miltiades).
The Greeks won! Pheidippides runs 25 miles to tell of the victory and yells "Nike!" (meaning victory) before he dies of exhaustion.
The Battle of Salamis
We've done it! We won!!!
This battle of the Persian War was fought between the Persians (led by Xerxes) and the Greeks (led by Leonidas).
Peace at Last
Ephiates wanted to fight in the Greek army to earn back his family's honor. Leonidas wouldn't let him, so he went to the Persian army. Xerxes let him fight with them and he told them of a secret path because he knew the geography of the land. The Persians killed all of the Greeks (including Leonidas) and were victorious.
Again, the Persians (lead by Xerxes) and the Greeks (led by Themistocles) fought this battle. It took place at a channel near the Island of Salamis. The channel was very narrow, and the large Persian ships had difficulty turning. The small and more maneuverable Greek ships called triremes were armed and took down the Persian fleet.
Help! I'm drowning!
The Persian War lasted 20 years, but after that, the Persians never fought the Greeks again! There was a brief period of unity, although it didn't last. The pride that came from defeating the Persians ushered in a period of peace and prosperity called the golden age.