How a bill becomes a law

How a bill becomes a law

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  • 1. Idea for law is created
  • Anyone can come up with an idea for a law.
  • This member then writes a bill
  • 2. Idea is brought to a member of congress
  • Bill is proposed to a committee in the house where they have a public hearing and amend the bill. Most bills die in the committees. Endless the house signs a discharge petition bring the bill straight to the floor. The committee can kill the bill by not doing anything, this is known as pigeonholing. 
  • 3.Bill is then proposed to a comittee
  • If the bill is accepted by the committee it is assigned to a calendar. The calendar is a list of eligible bills for floor consideration.
  • A floor debate takes place in the house.A filibuster may occur during this step.(A tactic used to prevent a measure being brought to vote). The bill is first voted on by the house since that is where it originated from, then after the bill is voted on in the senate. There has to be 51 senators present to meet the quorum.
  • If the senate and house come up with different versions of the bill, the bill goes to a conference committee so the committee can draft a compromise bill.
  • 4.Bill is voted on by both houses
  • If a bill passes both houses it is sent to the president.
  • 5.Bill is sent to the president
  • The president has some options for the bill. 1.He can sign it and it becomes a law. 2.He can veto it and the bill dies. 3. If he doesn't sign it within 10 days while congress is still in session it becomes a law. 4. If he doesn't sign it within 10 days while congress it out of session the bill will die.
  • 6.The president signs the bill making it become a law
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