Forest play a crucial role in the environment as affect all the other ecosystems and natural processes themed essential for the sustenance development and general well-being of the people. Our forest is a source of life. Any threats to the survival of our forest threatened our very existence.The history of Senegal goes back a long way, a good many centuries before colonization. It is thought that humans came to Senegal 350,000 years ago and since Neolithic Times farming has remained an integral part of the country culture and survival. Today farming employs 70% of the population and can imagine no other way of life! Yet even with more than half of the country producing crops, food insecurity and malnutrition are widespread. And scientists believe climate change is largely to blame. The desert is encroaching and with the population of Senegal increasing, trees that once shielded the regions from strong winds have been cut down to build new homes and to be used for firewood. The land now lies barren and fallow, villages have become reliant on food aid and the youth ofmigrating to urban areas in search of work.
Climate change is transforming the world’s largest hot desert our series the desert explores how it’s affecting the Sahara and the people who inhabit it. Bordering the Sahara Desert sands are silently engulfing the region. Destroying fertile land and displacing vulnerable communities in the process. Trees are the first line of defense against desertification. Stretching from Dakar to Djibouti, The great green wall initiative is an ambitious project that aims to halt desertification by planting 11 million hectares of trees across the width of Africa. To help prevent further desertification and landerosion, they claim to inform all the villagers to plant new trees. The newflourishing forest are holding the encroaching desert at bay, as well asplaying host to the precious in gear plant which is used to treat cuffs.Researchers also told villages to use dung, a cheap and readily availablecommodity in Senegal to fertilize their land. With the expansion of practical farmingmethods like these there us hope that in the future the land of hospitalitywill be transformed from a dessert to into a perfect living condition/area forthe villagers, and that the days of relying on food aid will be long gone.
Reducing that degradation is crucial to improving the lives of these semi-nomadic communities that live in this harsh environment. The Sahara Desert has always been a hard place to survive in Sahel (a place in Senegal) and the green wall initiative has expanded from tree planting to include education and action on fettered (confine/restrict) land use. As spoken to some of the villagers in Senegal, they say instead of migrating to find new pastures for their animals they can stay in the village all year round. Now more than 142 children are enrolled in schools and the villagers till date are proud to help them develop and grow something back to the community. They believe that the battle to reclaim the lands of Sahel (a place in Senegal) is one the community of Sahel can win. If the world continues to do little to reverse the effects of man made climate change the battle with the desert will intensify. The successful start of the great green wall initiative in Senegal provides a valuable lesson for other vulnerable communities across the continent.