William Marbury sends in a petition saying he was lawfully appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court by former President, John Adams. James Madison, a representative of Thomas Jefferson, reads the letter, and agrees with Mr.Jefferson on the fact that Marbury shouldn't be paid.
Marbury wants his commission!? But Jefferson and I never delivered his letter! He doesn't have the job!
The case ends up in the Supreme Court. Chief Justice Marshall starts off the hearing by answering 3 questions essential to the case: "Did Marbury have the writ for which he petitioned?" "Was Marbury allowed such a writ by the laws of the U.S.?" and "Could the Supreme Court issue such a writ?"
Chief Justice Marshall answers his own questions by stating that Marbury had been lawfully appointed to the court by Mr.Adams, and had a complete right to the writ .
Unfortunately, the court cannot grant Mr.Marbury his writ. As a result, he shall not be granted his commission. Case closed.
As a result of the case, the Supreme Court became known as the Judicial branch, officially becoming an equal branch of government!
Additionally, the Supreme Court officially became the final interpreter of all laws and has Judicial Review.