Tyler Rivers was born to single mother, Alexis Rivers. He never knew who his father was, and he is an only child. His mother works a retail job, which includes working until late some nights. He rides the school bus to and from school, and usually takes care of himself, as has done since he was 6.
Short/Long Term Impacts
Tyler's mother often returns home late from work and immediately indulges in alcohol. This results in her getting angry, which inevitably is taken out on Tyler in the form of physical abuse (Widon, 2001). Tyler has grown to expect this form of punishment, and tries hard to make sure the house is to his mother's liking before she gets home.
Long Term Impacts
Tyler spends most of his day alone in his room. He quickly becomes very depressed and isolates himself from his school friends as does not feel he fits in. He becomes very anxious in social situations, so he finds it easier to be alone (Springer et al., 2007).
Possible Resulting Offending Behaviour
Tyler's lack of self-esteem, isolation from society and inability to form successful relationships are results of the physical abuse he receives from his mother. These have lead to his decrease in mental health. This has severely impacted his performance in school and his ability to control himself in situations where he becomes angry and violent (Fergusson & Lynskey, 1997).
Due to Tyler's lack of social skills and depressive moods, he is more likely to abuse substances such as drugs, cigarettes and alcohol (although he only drinks in social situations as it reminds him of his mother). These impact his ability to focus on his education and form friendships with individuals who can help him break the cycle (Chaffin et al., 1996; Norman et al., 2012).
Tyler has an increased chance of committing physically violent behaviours toward future romantic partners, children or family members. His likelihood of violent offences is increased due to his normalised view of violence as a response to anger (Malinosky-Rummell & Hansen, 1992).