Simpson's 3rd group Hour 6
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For the framers of the Constitution, the first step in building a trusted government was to create a fair way to make laws.
The framers also designed Congress to balance the rights of large and small states. Thus, while every state gets two senators senators in the House is based on population.
The framers considered the Senate to be the “upper house” of the legislature. Its members are supposed to be wiser and more experienced than members of the “lower house.” Senators must be at least 30 years old, while House members must be 25. Senators must have been citizens for nine years, House members for just seven years.
Any member of the House or Senate can submit a proposal for a new law, called a bill. However, only the House can propose new taxes. If a majority in one house votes in favor of the bill, it is sent to the other house for debate. If both houses approve the bill, it goes to the president. The bill becomes a law if the president signs it.
The president can veto any proposed law. Congress can override the president's veto, which means passing the bill over the president's objections.But to do so requires a two-thirds majority in both houses.
Congress may “make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper” to carry out its other powers. This power, known as the elastic clause, gives Congress the flexibility needed to do its job. Over the years, the elastic clause has been stretched to allow Congress to do many things that were never listed among its powers in the Constitution.
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