The History of ASL

The History of ASL

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  • He came to America using his regional sign language, Kent sign language. This later became Martha's Vineyard sign language. He came to Martha's Vineyard off the state of Massachusetts.
  • In the 1600's a man named Jonathan Lambert came to America
  • Family married family. The gene spread to 1 in every 25 people being deaf.• A majority of people on the island of Martha's Vineyard knew sign language. MVSL became a life skill needed tosurvive.
  • Jonathan married a hearing woman named Elizabeth Eddy 2 of his children were born deaf
  • - Over in England, Thomas Braidwood decided to educate the deaf by creating The Braidwood Academy of the Deaf and Dumb in 1760. This was a private school.
  • Back in America in 1807, a girl named Alice Cogswell becomes very ill with spotted fever at the age of 2. This causes her to become deaf. Alice's father, Mason Cogswell, is concerned about how his daughter will be properly educated. He reads a book by abbe Sicard about educating deaf children. He could pay a tutor to educate her, but his neighbor, Thomas Gallaudet, is extremely interested in educating all Deaf Americans by creating a school.
  • The Cogswell Family's neighbor, Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, plays an important role in the plan to create education for Alice, and all other Deaf, in America. While Gallaudet travels, Alice is placed at a girls' school.
  • Thomas Gallaudet meets one of the Deaf teachers at the National Institute of the Deaf in Paris, France, Laurent Clerc.Laurent Clerc is Deaf and wants to leave his job at the school. He quickly volunteers to join Gallaudet on his ship back to theUnited States to help him create the first school for the deaf in America American School for the Deaf established in 1817 in Hartford, Connecticut with Thomas Gallaudet as principal and LaurentClerc as head teacher. 
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