How are laws made at the state level?

How are laws made at the state level?
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  • The Legislative Services Commission's Bill Drafting Division has received notice of a concern on sales tax being used for dredging. Because of the citizens concern they have drafted the Carteret Local Option Sales Tax for Dredging bill.
  • After the bill has been drafted it gets introdueced to the General Asslembly where is gets sponsored by Carteret Counties very own state representative Pat McErlaft and the bill as passed its first reading.
  • The Speaker of the House of representatives has assigned this bill to the BLANK committee for careful study. Once the bill gets approved it is placed on the calendar for consideration by the full membership of the body. Also at this step there can be changes (amendments) to the bill recommended by the committee.
  • When it comes time for the full membership to consider the bill the Chair will recognize the sponsor of the bill, Pat McElart. She will explain the bill and then members who are for or against the bill have a chance to speak which can lead into a debate or not. After all who wish to speak have spoken a vote is taken and if it is favorable then the bill is said to have passed the second reading. After the bill has passed the thrid reasing it is sent to the other house wehre is goes through the same process
  • What often happens is the second house will make a change to the bill which has already been passed by the house so the bill must be returned to the house of origin with a request that that body agrees with the changes made. If they decline the amendments two presiding officers may appoint members to a conference committee which seek to reconcile the differences between the two houses.
  • After the bill passes both houses it is enrolled with a clean copy including the amendments that is prepared with space for the signatures of the two presiding officers and the governor if necessary. Once the second signature is affixed the bill is said to be ratified. And if the bill is a local law, it becomes a law.
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