Before the 1700s when the industrial revolution happened,farmers had to use strip cropping which requires digging a field which divided into extensive, narrow strips which were taking turns in the crop rotation. Therefore was useless and ineffective and slow. Farmers had just started to find a solution to enclose their land.
In the 16th century enclosure strengthens the small strips to assemble into bigger field strips increasing the effectiveness of agriculture. However, some of this was ‘common land’ which was shared by everyone. Causing all the poor farmers who couldn’t utilize the land, which would end up forcing the poor people to move to find new jobs in the factories.
Jethro Tull (1674 – 21 February 1741) was a British farmer scientist and inventor from Berkshire who helped develop the British Agricultural Revolution in the 1700s. Jethura had found out that soil was well broken up and adding fertilizer would help crops grow faster and better.So from that research, in 1701 he had invented the seed drill which was able to scatter seeds evenly, making farming more useful and productive.
Lord“Turnips” Townshed born in 1674 then found that cutting up the fields and rotating crops of turnips, grasses, barley, and wheat yearly provoking the land to be accessed to its maximum effectiveness. The crops grew a lot more food,dried hay for cattle and sheep, and replenishing the soil and food ending up in a never ending cycle. This was the person who created the method of 4 crop rotation in the 1700s which could do up to quadruple the amount they could farming in the 16th century.
Around this time farmers began raising animals for a gain of money and livestock. They also started developing livestock breeds.Many animals were bred to have more meat like lamb, beef and stake or have thicker wool and leather. These new breeds were able to fight through diseases and were often disease resistant
So thanks to the agricultural revolution in 1700-1900 which made the farmers that were unfortunate making them move to move to the city to find a job in the factory which usually end up in the streets homeless. The society had been hunters and gatherers to a rural then had moved to an urban society. Farmers had made new farming techniques like 4 crop rotation and made new machines like the seed drill. Therefore making improvements to houses, machinery and easier farming methods.