So what we have slaves, the states don't have rights!
Its' not nice have slaves!
During the Civil war
The South wanted to secede from the U.S. because the North was criticizing their use of slaves on plantation and they wanted states' rights to protect slavery.
The War Ends
When the South seceded from the U.S. it fractured it into two parts the Union, the North, and the Confederacy, the Southern states.
Freedom and Change
Yay! We are Free and the War has ended.
The war had a direct impact on Texas port cities. Southern states wanted to export cotton and import supplies and arms into the ports, but Union ships set up blockades.
I'm a sharecropper!
I'm the landowner!
After many hard battles, the Union finally won. Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General, Ulysses S. Grant in Appomattox Court House.
On June 19, 1865, General Gordon Granger announced that all enslaved Texans are free under state law.
The Federal Government created the Freedman's Bureau to help the freed slaves with the necessities. Also the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments were passed to free slaves, make them citizens, and allowing them to vote.