The Middle Kingdom (mid-Dynasty 11–Dynasty 14, ca. 2030–1650 B.C.) began Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II ruled Eygpt.
We have abundant supply of wheat, barley, lettuce and beans to feed our families and farm animals
Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II reunified Upper and Lower Egypt, paving the way for a second Renaissance of Egyptian art. Thebes emerged as a major town for the first time, serving as both capital and artistic center during the Eleventh Dynasty.
Rashida, do you want to trade this donkey for 29 debens?
How about I get the donkey for 18 debens?
The reunificaton made the people of egypt work together to build magnificent temples, pillars and tombs.
Annual flooding of the Nile produced fertile soil which helped in farming. The economy was based pm farming and fishing.
Barter system was prevalent though there was a unit of currency called the Deben. Deben is about half an ounce of cooper.
At the end of middle Kingdom increased number of foreigners with the policy of trading, came the migration of non Egyptians to Egypt. These communities became more and more powerful, eventually causing power of the Pharaoh to lessen. With this, Egypt fell once again into disorder