Reading by Garrison and Ehrinhaus
Formative and Summative Assessments in the Classroom by Catherine Garrison and Michael Ehringhous, Ph.D.
summative - "given periodically to determine at a particular point in time what students know and do not know" formative - "part of the instructional process...provides information needed to adjust teaching and learning"
Think of assessment like learning to drive...you mastered the driving test, you get your license....but, what if instead you received grades that accumulated the entire time you were learning to drive - so the "low grades you received during the process of learning to drive....would not accurately reflect your ability to drive a car"
Reflecting on this article makes me think about how assessments are weighted in terms of final grade. I think when students have input into the assessment process and know they have the ability to improve their grades, they will work harder.
We are offered choice in all other aspects of our lives today, it makes it difficult when we go to school and feel like this -->
Memorize and Repeat After Me.....Yes Everything Will Be On The TEST...Your grades are CUMULATIVE ....Fail to Pass and you Fail LIFE
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